How a Sump Pump Installation Is Actually Done
Usually, a house’s basement is the area inside it that is most prone to flooding. This can happen for many reasons, such as leaky pipes or large amounts of water permeating through the soil during rainier seasons. If your basement is moist and musky, then you might face this issue and not even know it.
About Sump Pumps
If you’re a lucky homeowner, the regions of your house that are located below ground level stay warm and dry throughout the year. However, more than sixty percent of homes in the United States deal with excess basement water and even flooding. This is where a sump pump comes in handy.
This small appliance is installed in the lowest part of a building’s basement or crawlspace. They are usually placed inside a specially constructed pit with gravel on the bottom which collects water from pipes or natural soil flow. This is known as a sump pit. The device detects when this is filled up and evacuates the contents outside and away from the house.
The detection happens thanks to either a pressure sensor or a float detection arm, much like those found in toilets. There are manually activated mechanisms as well on the market, but automatic ones are far more convenient. All in all, a lot goes into a sump pump are there are plenty of variations. For more info, a comprehensive Q&A for sump pumps will definitely help.
How to Install One
Installing this apparatus on your own isn’t easy, but it can be done if you take a few steps into account. Here are five things to consider and put into action in this process.
1. Prepare the Location
You need to choose the exact placing of the device wisely so as not to interfere with your sewer line or your home’s main water supply. The former is pretty easy to locate off the bat thanks to the cleanout fitting on the wall, but with the latter, you might need to consult with your local office for building codes.
2. Dig the Pit
Once you’ve found a spot where nothing will be tampered with, it’s time to start digging the sump pit. According to Popular Mechanics, the best tool to use for this is an electric jackhammer. Cut around the required perimeter, then shatter the interior and remove the bits of concrete that are left behind.
The next step is digging out the soil. Allow for at least 6 inches of coarse gravel to be placed around the liner when doing this. Then surround the pit with it, place the liner in and concrete it into place. Now it’s time to move on to the actual installation of the pump.
3. Install the Pump
Depending on the make and model that you choose to buy, the installation process might differ slightly. Make sure to consult with the installation instructions for it before attempting to do anything.
Furthermore, don’t try and pick the most affordable option. This device is something worth splurging on, so take your time to select the best one regardless of its price. You will need PVC risers and male adapters to connect to pipes, valves and the discharge port. The rest depends on the device’s setup.
4. Take it Outside
The most important aspect of a successful sump pump installation is where it will evacuate the water. This needs to happen far enough from your house so that it will not find its way back to the basement again.
To make sure that the outer wall of your home isn’t left splintered or damaged, you need to cut the hole working inwards. The two pipes will then be connected with a PVC elbow fitting so as to point down.
5. Finalize the Process
Depending on how your surrounding landscaping is done, you will need to choose the best place to divert the water towards. When it’s all done, don’t forget to test your device using at least five gallons. This will show you whether or not the installation was successful and where any potential problems are located.
Remember, a sump pump is a good device to have on hand in order to make your basement waterproof. This will not only keep this area warm and dry, but it will also prevent any water damage from being inflicted to your house’s foundation and structure.
There are many things that need to be done properly when installing a sump pump. First, you have to be certain that the location where you are digging your pit won’t interfere with any major plumbing in the house. Then, digging the actual pit also requires quite a bit of skill. Finally, installing the apparatus itself is an endeavor that must be approached with the utmost attention to instructions and detail.
With a lot of ambition and dedication, you can get it done. But, as always, don’t be afraid to call in an expert plumber for assistance if you feel that this task is too complicated to achieve on your own. Installing a new sump pump is a complex process, thus it’s best to ensure that it’s done right from the very start.