wiring diagram for a stove plug

Please keep in mind, this is for a 4 wire cord and the outlet for a stove/oven.

This is very easy to do but yes it can seem very intimidating. You just came home with the new stove your wife has been looking forward to. You go and pull the old stove out and to your surprise, you find the stove was hard-wired. The first thing you need to do.

1) Don’t move the stove anymore. Old wires can break while the power is still on.

2) Now turn the power off at the breaker panel if you didn’t do so yet. Test and make sure you really did turn the right breaker off.

3) Now that the power is off, remove the wire from the stove/oven.

4) OK, so now you want to start mounting your new 50 amp outlet to the wall. Make sure you will be mounting it low enough so that the stove/oven can be pushed up to the wall.

You will want to cut back the wire so you don’t have a ton of wire hanging out. Now it’s either you will be using a surface mount or a recessed box with an outlet. See the below pictures.

Surface mount 4 wire outlet
4 wire outlet for a outlet box

A quick little guide. The red line (120 volts)  and the black is also line (120 volts) White is Neutral and green is ground. G Ground. L1 line. L2 line. White N

OK, now that you got the outlet on its way you’ll need to install the power cord on that new stove. This picture by itself should tell you everything.

4 wire stove plug

Remember the green wire, GROUND is the most important wire. Why because it protects your life.

Most newer stoves with ovens require a 50 amp service. So you will really need to make sure if your stove/oven requires 50 amp or not. And make you have a 50 amp wire and a 50 amp breaker. Now I’m not saying it won’t work if you don’t but once you’re cooking that Thanksgiving turkey and all the good stuff on the stovetop with all your quest coming cover in an hour or so that’s when the problems begin.

 Oven Wires

Oven connections
Connections to electric oven

3 wire stove receptacle

https://amzn.to/35kfeWN

3 wire stove receptacle
3 wire stove receptacle
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36 thoughts on “wiring diagram for a stove plug”

  1. I will be buying a new electric stove and I need to find out the configuration of the 220 outlet which now holds the plug for my electric stove top. Can I just pull the plug?? or do I need to turn off the circuit breaker? (I’d have to turn all of the breakers off since I don’t know which one powers the stovetop)…thank you!!

    1. Dominick Amorosso

      For your stove it will a double pole 40 or 50 amp breaker. And yes turn off the breaker before anything.

  2. Ted Cohen (@TedCohen1)

    Dom —
    What is 240v/15A that advertisement says is a particular for dual-fuel range? is that 220? Or just 110? I am SO confused!
    Thank you.

    1. Dominick Amorosso

      No matter what any electric going to a dual range will be 220. Dual range means 1/2 electric 1/2 gas.

  3. Out of my wall is black white and bare copper i went bare copper to stove black white to stove white and black to stove red worked fine for 6 months now you get knocked over when you touch it please help. …bob

  4. I was cleaning my drop in electric stove top, raised the top to clean under burners when I’ve noticed the green wire hooked to screw with other end of wire just laying my question is should the green wire be hooked some where

    1. Dominick Amorosso

      A green wire is a ground. So yes it should be connected to something. Seems like it may be the ground connection between the hinged top and the frame of the stove.

  5. I just bought a new oven and comes with a red, black, white and green wires already connected to the oven. I need to connect the male plug but when looking at the old plug the white wire is not connected at all. Should I go the same leaving the white wire not connected at all?
    I’m also replacing the over the counter stove and I think I will encounter the same problem.
    The house was built in 1987.
    Thanks,,
    Erwin

  6. Dominick., I am replacing an electric Jenn-Aire cook top with a natural gas cook top,
    I haven’t pulled the cover plate off the 220 volt receptacle yet to see if it is a 3 wire or a 4 wire circuit, Since the Jenn – Aire also had an exhaust fan, would there be a neutral (white) wire that would use half of the 220 volt system to power the 110 volt fan, while the entire 220 volt would power the heating coils,
    The new gas cook top needs a 110 volt supply to power the igniters , can I use only the red, or the black wire , plus the white neutral wire for the 110 volts needed, and cap off the other “hot ” lead and replace the receptacle with a standard 15 amp plug receptacle, without changing anything in the panel box

      1. You used the term “breaker”…. I wasn’t planning to change the breakers in the panel box but would it be better to replace the double 15 A (30A) circuit breaker in the panel box with a single 15A breaker and leave the second 110 line out of the circuit, or can I leave it as is; and just use half the 220V right at the receptacle box with one of the 110V lines capped off?
        … good point, that the size 10 wire will not fit into the 15 A receptacle, could I “pig tail” the size down to a 12, or 14 gage wire at the receptacle connection? I know it might get too crowded with all the lines coming into the wall box.
        ps love hearing the NY accent in your videos… my home town is S.I.
        (great service you offer to us DIY’ers

        1. I would change the breaker out to a single 15amp. Again it will work, it’s just not code. And yes you could pigtail it. Now how would you know I’m from NY. Yes I am, but still. I’m more upstate than you. I’m in Orange County. I was in Newwark NJ working today as well. No matter where I go I always get that, LOL.. Oh well I can run but can not hide..

          Yeah I’ve been doing this website for over seven years now. I love it.

  7. i have a jenn-air and i was told that i could use a 3 wire for a 4 wire cooktop only no oven came on but doesnt get hot only wire that is not hook up is the red one would that make difference

  8. I have a 25 foot run, what size wire isrecomended on what size breaker?Will #6 wire work with a 40 amp breaker? I have ambitions of keeping this house for the next 20 years and would like to ensure that it is not going to be a issue in the future. I live in Alberta.
    Thank you,
    Michael.

    1. For the distance you are going #8 will be fine. Wit that you can go as long as max of 96 feet by US Code. #6 if longer then that.

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